By Michael F. Atkinson
The Structural Defects Reference handbook for Low-Rise structures has been written to aid pros and scholars desirous about construction development to spot motives of structural failure. each one bankruptcy conscientiously addresses layout, fabrics and workmanship elements which give a contribution to structural defects. the most structural components - roofs, partitions, flooring and foundations - are all coated and illustrated through case stories. The ebook additionally comprises appropriate information and suggestions to teach how all of the varied development components will be designed and developed.
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Extra resources for Structural Defects Reference Manual for Low-rise Buildings
2. Pasture land Site fairly level, no signs of any instability 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Give description of the site Give directions and gradients of slopes. Are there any indications of hill creep? Presence of trees, streams, marshy areas etc. Are there any soil exposures in trenches, nearby railway cuttings etc.? Is there any indication that the site has been filled? Has the site been previously developed? Give indications of likely foundations. Are any old basements present? If so give details of depth and extent.
11 Level survey points. 7 Survey results By plotting the recorded movements against timescale it was evident that the heave had reached its peak in October 1993. 2. During these underpinning works the soils at the rear of the building were checked for signs of desiccation when the foundations were underpinned. To prevent any further upward movement a 50 mm thick layer of low-density Claymaster was inserted on the inside face of the underpinning concrete. 41 42 SITE INVESTIGATION EQUIPMENT AND METHODS Points to remember • Always carry out an initial investigation and appraisal to confirm any damage.
Most large public libraries have plans for the local area extending back many years. Such features as old quarries, old watercourses, mill dams, wooded areas, old industrial buildings, railway cuttings and embankments, and previous housing are shown. By going through them in historical order it is possible to build up a picture of the previous land use for the site being examined and the surrounding area. 6 Site reconnaissance At an early stage, a thorough visual examination of the land surrounding the buildings being examined should be carried out.