By Joseph Patrich
Caesarea Maritima, the capital of the Roman province of Judaea / Palaestina, used to be based in 10/9 BCE by way of Herod the nice to function an administrative and fiscal heart. It was once named after his Roman purchaser Caesar Augustus, the 1st Roman emperor. The publication, good illustrated, offers the result of the big scale excavations on the website through the Nineteen Nineties and early 2000s of their wider historic and cultural context: the architectural evolution and transformation of the thriving urban from its origin to its decline attributable to the Arab conquest (640/41 CE), its conversion to a Roman colony in seventy one CE, features of provincial management, trade and economic climate, leisure and spiritual lifetime of its groups Jews, Pagans, Christians and Samaritans.
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Additional info for Studies in the Archaeology and History of Caesarea Maritima: Caput Judaeae, Metropolis Palaestinae (Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity)
415 which agrees with Ant. in referring to the 192nd Olympiad, held in July 12 BCE but the cycle of which ended in June 9 BCE. For a more detailed description of the games held by Herod c. 20 years earlier in Jerusalem in honor of Augustus, see Ant. 268–74. 108 Earlier, following Reifenberg (1950), the prevalent opinion was that Josephus confused the theater with the amphitheater, which Reifenberg located at the site of an oval depression he had identified in aerial photographs in the north-eastern zone of Caesarea.
Herod’s Palace and the Praetorium of the Roman Governors of Judaea Herod built a palace (basileia) at Caesarea, and in 6 CE, when Judaea came under direct Roman rule, the governor established his seat there. 81 Called “Sea Villa” by the Italian Expedition, it was later identified by Netzer and Levine as Herod’s palace. The complex was excavated intermittently by several expeditions between 1976 and the late 1990s. An expedition of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, headed by Netzer and Levine, investigated the lower terrace,82 and later collaborated with a team of the University of Pennsylvania, headed by 79 Ac 21:8; Philip was preaching in Caesarea years before (Ac 8:40).
18 chapter one excavations indicated that the street plan was indeed orthogonal, consisting of north–south cardines and east–west decumani. The streets uncovered in the southwestern zone—one cardo and four decumani— were marked cardo W1 and decumani S2–S5. 52 The surface of the Herodian streets exposed in this zone was of yellow beaten kurkar soil; it was not paved by flagstones. These were encountered only in the later phases—pavers of limestone for the Roman streets and of kurkar for the Byzantine ones.