By Barbara Guterch, Jan Kozák
This e-book examines outdated and new info on a number of the 18th and nineteenth century earthquakes that both happened or have been in actual fact felt in southern areas of Poland. specific emphasis is wear a close examine and reinterpretation of the surprisingly serious Outer Western Carpathians earthquake on December three, 1786 (7 I0, 5.3 Mw, 35 km depth), which used to be the final in a chain of seismic occasions within the years 1785 and 1786. An overview is usually made from what we shortly learn about the seismicity of the Western Carpathians in Poland according to to instrumental information. The booklet additionally offers fabric on the subject of earthquakes of 6-9 I0 that affected south Poland and the encompassing areas: Žilina in Slovakia (1858), Gera in Thuringia (1872), the Sudetes at the Czech-Polish border (1883, 1901), and reduce Silesia, Poland (1895). those are analyzed and illustrated by means of 17 modern macroseismic depth maps, a few of that are thought of to be awesome for these instances. a brand new seismic catalog for Poland is supplied with amendments and updates as much as the tip of 2014. Noteworthy is the knowledge on unexpected occasions: one approximately 60 km NE of the Polish border in 2004 and one in imperative Poland in 2012. It exhibits how very important it's, no longer least for functional engineering reasons, to accomplish seismic tracking even in probably aseismic regions.
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Additional resources for Studies of Historical Earthquakes in Southern Poland: Outer Western Carpathian Earthquake of December 3, 1786, and First Macroseismic Maps in 1858-1901
To avoid it we—in the following text—shall understand Poland, with its southwestern part, Silesia, exclusively as it has been settled and confirmed in 1945. J. cz © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015 B. Guterch and J. 1007/978-3-319-15446-6_2 37 38 J. 1 Introductory Remarks Since the early Modern Age, European naturalists and philosophers strengthened their effort to better understand the perplexing phenomenon of earthquakes initiated deep in the Earth during which, without any warning, enormous portion of mechanical energy was suddenly released, demolishing settlements and killing people.
We are indebted to Dr. A. Badurová at the central Library of the Academy of Sciences in Prague for transferring the original text written by hand about the 1786 earthquake into understandale form which—after translation in English—is cited in this chapter. Thanks are also due to Dr. W. 0. Special thanks to Anna Dziembowska for encouragement, assistance and help in preparing the whole monograph. References Alexandrowicz ST (1956) Stary obryw skalny w Tyn´cu koło Krakowa. , Rocznik Kapituły Krakowskiej, In: Kozłowska Budkowa Z (ed) Monumenta Poloniae Historica series nova, vol V.
Having in mind this general effort aimed on an earthquake study, which can be considered as a rational and integral whole, we may classify the 19th century as a period of macroseismic pre-instrumental seismology birth. This period was at its end crowned by the first macroseismic maps and maps of seismicity on one hand, and by the first seismometers by J. Ewing and D. Milne at the turn of the 1870s, on the other hand. Let us now characterize briefly the individual steps in this macroseismic study advancement during the 19th century.