By Katsuhiko Ariga;Toyoki Kunitake
Molecules are created through the covalent bonding of atoms. besides the fact that, even if a molecule is made from a mess of atoms, it behaves as somebody entity. an enormous variety of moleculesof varied sizes and structuresare recognized, starting from the best hydrogen molecule to high-molecular-weight m- made polymers and complicated organic macromolecules equivalent to proteins and DNA. certainly, all residing topic, common minerals and arti?cial fabrics, even if advanced and various they're, are mixtures of a few of those thousands and thousands of molecules. We could for that reason be tempted to think that the buildings and homes of those fabrics and compounds could be at once with regards to these of the person molecules that contain them in a straig- ahead means. regrettably, this idea isn't right. in spite of the fact that deeply we comprehend the character of person molecules, this information isn't sufficient to give an explanation for the constructions and capabilities of fabrics and molecular assemblies which are derived because of organizing person molecules. this can be half- ularly actual with organic molecular structures which are derived from the spatial and temporal association of part molecules. during this publication we delve into the ?eld of supramolecular chemistry, which bargains with supermolecules. A supermolecule during this feel should be de?ned as a “molecule past a molecule” – a wide and complicated entity shaped from different molecules.
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Extra resources for Supramolecular Chemistry — Fundamentals and Applications: Advanced Textbook
1 Fullerenes – Carbon Soccer Balls We used to believe that there are three allotropic forms of carbon: graphite, diamond, and amorphous carbon. However, an important new carbon allotrope, the fullerenes, was discovered as recently as the 1980s. The most famous fullerene is buckminsterfullerene, C60 , which is depicted in Fig. 1. The structure of this “soccer ball-shaped” molecule consists of a sphere of sixty carbon atoms arranged in pentagons and hexagons; each carbon pentagon is surrounded by ﬁve carbon hexagons.
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