By Jesse Walter Fewkes
A useful recounting of the 1st formal archaeological excavations in Puerto Rico. initially released because the Twenty-Fifth Annual file of the Bureau of yank Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian establishment in 1907, this e-book used to be praised in a piece of writing in American Anthropologist as doing "more than the other to provide a finished thought of the archaeology of the West Indies." until eventually that point, for as a rule political purposes, little clinical learn were performed via american citizens on any of the Caribbean islands. Dr. Fewkes' specific talents of statement and adventure served him good within the quest to appreciate Caribbean prehistory and tradition. This quantity, the results of his cautious fieldwork in Puerto Rico in 1902-04, is magnificently illustrated by means of ninety three plates and forty three line drawings of specimens from either private and non-private collections of the islands. A 1907 article within the magazine of the Royal Anthropological Institute of significant Britain and eire defined the amount as "a most useful contribution to ethnographical science."
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Extra info for The Aborigines of Puerto Rico and Neighboring Islands
FEWKE81 HOUSES 41 HOUSES The houses of the aboriginal Porto Ricans were like those of the Haitians and not very different from the cabins of the poorer people of the island to-day: especially those in the mountains, where old types of construction still survive. Naturally modern cabins present many modifications, as the use of iron nails in fastening the beams, but the materials used in construction are practically the same, and the old architectural types are still followed in modern dwellings.
The questions naturally arise how and where did he become a " good interpreted" Where did he learn the language 1 It might be suggested tbat he had picked it up in Santo Domingo, but there are some other circumstances which may be mentioned as bearing on his nationality. When Aguebana the Second attempted to kill Gonzales before tbe death of Sotomayor, Gonzales begged for his life, promising that he would be the cacique's vassal. " Utuao is evidently the site of the modern town or district Utuado.
The dress of the wife of the Cuban cacique, who came to see the Europeans at the same time, is thus described by Bernaldez: His wife was adorned in a similar manner, but was naked, except so much of her person as was covered by a bit of cotton not larger than an orange leaf. She wore upon her arms, just below the shoulders, a roll of cotton like the sleeves of the ancient French doublets, and another similar roll, but larger, 011 each leg below the knee-like the anklets of the Moorish women. f stones of a single <'olor, black and very small, from which hung something, of the shape of an ivy leaf, of green and red d stones embroidered upon cotton cloth.