Download The Ancient Synagogue from its Origins to 200 C.E.: A Source by Anders Runesson PDF

By Anders Runesson

Regardless of the hot explosion of study on historic synagogues, investigators within the box have hitherto been pressured to cull appropriate facts from an enormous collection of scholarly guides.

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Extra info for The Ancient Synagogue from its Origins to 200 C.E.: A Source Book (Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity)

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277; cf. 144). Several scholars, including the authors of this volume, have interpreted hieron here as referring to a synagogue rather than a temple. Two main reasons are cited. First, the term hieron was sometimes used for synagogues in the Àrst century. Second, if indeed the reference were to a temple, it would be hard to explain the existence of a ( Jewish) temple in this area at this time. Some scholars have tried to solve this problem by suggesting that “Judaea” refers to “greater Judaea,” including non-Jewish areas with non-Jewish temples (Levine; cf.

Most wedding feasts were celebrated outdoors. PuriÀcation rituals were necessary for visiting not only a temple but also a synagogue. Thus the above passage may have envisioned the wedding feast being set near a synagogue at Cana, a town that possibly also served as the seat of one of the 24 priestly divisions. No. 3 Source: Archaeological. e. , “Direct dating of plaster and mortar”; Richardson, Building Jewish, 55–71; 91–107; idem, “Khirbet Qana,” 136–140, 144. Comments: Khirbet Qana has recently been identiÀed as the site of Cana of the New Testament (see above, No.

34 chapter two Figure 4. Plan of the Gamla synagogue and miqweh (ritual bath) the land of israel 35 Figure 5. 6 Herodion No. 11 Source: Archaeological. e. 618–21; Chiat, Handbook, 204–7; Netzer, “Herodian Triclinia”; Binder, Temple Courts, 180–85; Runesson, Origins, 177–78, 357–62; Levine, Ancient Synagogue, 63. Comments: The ediÀce was originally constructed as a triclinium (dining hall) in Herod’s fortress palace. Although Corbo has suggested a date during the Bar Kochbah revolt in the second century for the transformation of the ediÀce, it is more likely that the building was converted for synagogue use around the First Jewish Revolt (so Foerster, Chiat, Binder, Levine, Runesson).

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