By Ernst Diez
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Additional resources for The Ancient Worlds of Asia
In spite of his unapproachable supremacy, the patron god in his sanctuary the temple eating their food, partook of the life of his subjects, marrying human women and having children interesting himself as a landlord in the crops, seeing to it that these were abundant, provided that the proper rituals were carried out. City gods took part in wars and by them, was not complete until the statue of the enemy s deity was captured and brought back in triumph. Thus Marduk, the god of the city and supreme god of the empire, was captured at the seizure and destruction of Babylon by Tukulti-Nimurta, the king of Assyria, and taken to Assur, where he was installed in a new temple.
The ravine bounds the ruins "As return to the yellow bulls. on this side, we must Passing through the entrance formed by them, we enter a large chamber surrounded by eagle-headed figures at one end of it is a doorway guarded by two priests or divinities, and in the centre another portal with winged bulls. Whichever way we turn, we find our selves in the midst of a nest of rooms; and without an ; acquaintance with the intricacies of the place, we should soon lose ourselves in this labyrinth.
Only the coming of Christianity put an end to these traditions and even then some of them survived. When in certain countries on Easter Saturday the village priest visits the principal farms in the parish to bless the fruits of the earth 37 The Ancient Worlds of Asia which are offered to him in baskets, this ritual act is within the Sumerian sacrifices. The "Lamb of God" of the Christian New Testament was already the symbol of human sacrifice in Sumerian times. When a lamb is sacrificed tradition of the god it is proclaimed that "the lamb is the representative of man, man hath sacrificed a lamb for his own life, he hath sacrificed the head of the lamb for his own head".