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By Adam Zwass

The improvement and use of the atomic bombs at Hiroshima and Nagasaki quantity one of the formative nationwide studies for either jap and americans in addition to for 20th-century Japan-US kinfolk. This quantity explores the way the bomb has formed the self-image of either peoples.

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Despite many years of effort, the GDR has not been able to achieve any major sales successes in the Federal Republic, especially in the area of machinery deliveries. Hence, the FRG must deal continually with the problem of consenting to accept products from other sectors, especially foodstuffs and industrial consumer goods. It should be noted that only once in the past decade, in 1980, was the GDR able to achieve a positive balance of trade of 285 million DM in internal German trade. 19 Trade with West Germany is of major importance for the GDR, not only because a considerable 40 The GDR and Czechoslovakia portion of the negative balance is financed with the interest-free swing credit facility but also because it is not subject to customs.

Creased at a lower rate than in neighboring Eastern countries, with a growth of 28 percent in the second half of the '70s, they expanded 7 percentage points more slowly than in the first half of the decade; per capita, the GDR invested 4,160 marks (in 1977, according to calculations of the German Institute for Economic Research), almost as high a figure as in the Federal Republic (4,240 marks). However, productivity was only half as high. lO The low capital productivity is a consequence of the typical dispersion of investment projects in a planned economy.

3 Damage Rate in Percent of Total Assets in 1939 Due to wartime destruction Due to dismantling Total Western zone Soviet occupation zone 21 12 33 15 26 41 Source: Deutsches lnstitut fiir Wirtschaftsforschung, Handbiicher DDRWirtschaft. P. 18. A REORGANIZATION OF THE ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL SYSTEM In September 1945 the transformation of property relations was begun: farms with an arable area of more than 100 hectares plus those that had belonged to war criminals or leading National Socialists were expropriated and distributed among more than 200,000 new farmers.

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