Download The Essentials of Greek Grammar: A Reference for by Louise Pratt PDF

By Louise Pratt

Designed for intermediate-level scholars, this textbook offers an summary of the fundamental kinds and syntax of historic Attic Greek. an ideal complement to Louise Pratt’s Eros on the Banquet, it additionally stands by myself as an invaluable source for any pupil looking to movement past the fundamentals of Greek into the interesting event of examining classical literature in its unique language. 

The necessities of Greek Grammar relies at the author’s a long time of lecture room event and at the handouts she built and fine-tuned to complement a number of textbooks and ways. partially 1 of the amount, Pratt covers the following:

morphology and elements of speech in expanding order of complexity, from articles and pronouns via adjectives; energetic and passive participles; nouns, with a precis of endings and examples of the 3 declensions;  verbs, with summaries and examples of standard and abnormal forms.
Part 2 provides syntax, relocating from the quite user-friendly case makes use of of nouns and pronouns, to the makes use of and positions of adjectives and the complexities of verb varieties and moods. Pratt additionally comprises miscellaneous figures of speech and a convenient appendix directory 200 universal Attic verbs and their vital elements.

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Additional info for The Essentials of Greek Grammar: A Reference for Intermediate Readers of Attic Greek (Oklahoma Series in Classical Culture Series, Volume 39)

Example text

2nd sing. 3rd sing. 1st pl. 2nd pl. 3rd pl. 1st sing. 2nd sing. 3rd sing. 1st pl. 2nd pl. 3rd pl. nom. sing. act. mid. pass. λύσω λύσεις λύσει λύσομεν λύσετε λύσουσι(ν) λύσοιμι λύσοις λύσοι λύσοιμεν λύσοιτε λύσοιεν λύσων -ουσα -ον λύσειν λύσομαι λύσῃ/λύσει λύσεται λυσόμεθα λύσεσθε λύσονται λυσοίμην λύσοιο λύσοιτο λυσοίμεθα λύσοισθε λύσοιντο λυσόμενος -η -ον λύσεσθαι λυθήσομαι λυθήσῃ λυθήσεται λυθησόμεθα λυθήσεσθε λυθήσονται λυθησοίμην λυθήσοιο λυθήσοιτο λυθησοίμεθα λυθήσοισθε λυθήσοιντο λυθησόμενος -η -ον λυθήσεσθαι 30 forms § 54 Regular verb (λύω): aorist system (for verbs with first/weak aorist) • aorist active and middle: aorist stem (third principal part minus temporal augment and ending) + first (weak) aorist endings (§50) • aorist passive: aorist passive stem (sixth principal part minus temporal augment and ending) + aorist passive endings (§50) • temporal augment on indicative only act.

Sing. acc. sing. nom. pl. gen. pl. dat. pl. acc. pl. βελτίων βελτίονος βελτίονι βελτίονα (βελτίω) βελτίονες (βελτίους) βελτιόνων βελτίοσι(ν) βελτίονας (βελτίους) neut. βέλτιον βελτίονος βελτίονι βέλτιον βελτίονα (βελτίω) βελτιόνων βελτίοσι(ν) βελτίονα (βελτίω) Participles § 25 Present participle of εἰμί (being) masc. nom. sing. gen. sing. dat. sing. acc. sing. nom. pl. gen. pl. dat. pl. acc. pl. fem. ὤν ὄντος ὄντι ὄντα ὄντες ὄντων οὖσι(ν) ὄντας οὖσα οὔσης οὔσῃ οὖσαν οὖσαι οὐσῶν οὔσαις οὔσας neut.

Stem: τιθεντnom. : ἱστάν stem: ἱσταντnom. : δεικνύν stem: δεικνυντnom. : ἱέν stem: ἱεντnom. : ἰόν stem: ἰοντ- § 29 Future active participles: “about to ——, in order to ——” • Decline like present active participle (§26), but uses the future stem (second principal part minus ending). • Many verbs consistently use the middle voice in the future; such verbs will, of course, have a future participle that uses middle endings (§34). • Some verbs are epsilon-contract in the future and will use epsilon-contract forms and stems (§27).

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