Download The German Language: A Linguistic Introduction by Jean Boase-Beier, Ken R. Lodge PDF

By Jean Boase-Beier, Ken R. Lodge

The German Language introduces scholars of German to a linguistic means of the language. Written from a Chomksyan viewpoint, this quantity covers the elemental structural elements of the German language: syntax, morphology, phonetics, phonology, and the lexicon.

* Explores the linguistic constitution of German from present theoretical views.
* Written from a Chomksyan point of view, this quantity covers the elemental structural elements of the German language: syntax, morphology, phonetics, phonology, and the lexicon.
* Serves as a invaluable source for college kids of German language and literature and for linguists with very little history within the language.
* comprises workouts, definitions of keyword phrases, and recommendations for additional reading.

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Additional info for The German Language: A Linguistic Introduction

Example text

In generative grammar, the notion of ‘underlying’ can be used to refer to a lower level of syntax, the deep structure or D-structure, and such notions as ‘sending something somewhere’ are usually related to transformational movement operations, which are simply operations which move phrases from their original position in D-structure to the final S-structure position, or, in more recent versions of generative theory, provide a link between related structures. However, generative grammar is not free from confusion between the synchronic (to do with the present state of the language, representing a speaker’s knowledge as it is now assumed to be) and the diachronic (to do with historical development).

Another way of representing the sentence in (19c) is to write rules which specify the structure of, or generate, sentences (see chapter 1). A generative grammar is a system of such rules. They may for example be written as: (21) a. b. c. d. S VP PP NP → → → → NP VP V (NP) (PP) P NP (D) N (PP) These rules, called phrase structure rules or PS rules, indicate that a sentence (S) can be rewritten as an NP and a VP and also show how each of these phrasal categories can itself be rewritten. The brackets in (21b) indicate that both the NP and the PP are optional, as can be seen by comparing (17), (19a) and (19b).

Nein, er war es nicht He said he wanted to . . no, it wasn’t him b. Fährst du in die in die St . . warum nicht? Are you going to to t . . why not? c. Die hat einen . . was sie nicht . . sollte sie aber nicht, aber sie hat She has a . . which she didn’t . . she shouldn’t though, but she did These, together with examples such as (4), provide evidence that the language spoken by German speakers, and thus heard by a child, does not consist only (or even mainly) of grammatically acceptable, complete sentences.

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