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By Howard Ensign Evans

A bit over one hundred seventy years ago--hardly a second at the clock of history--one half the USA was once empty of all yet Indians and the vegetation and video game on which they subsisted. certainly, buying the Louisiana Territory nearly doubled the scale of the us, including 800,000 sq. miles of land that had scarcely been explored or effectively mapped. american citizens will be given an in-depth glance this rugged and untamed land simply whilst Secretary of warfare John C. Calhoun and President James Monroe agreed army presence on the mouth of the Yellowstone River (near the boundary among North Dakota and Montana) may galvanize the Indians and serve observe to Canadian trappers and investors that a few of their favourite beaver state was once now a part of the us. within the average background of the lengthy excursion to the Rocky Mountains (1819- 1820), Howard E. Evans bargains a colourful heritage of the day trip of significant Stephen H. Long--the first medical exploration of the Louisiana Territory to be followed through knowledgeable naturalists and artists. made from twenty-two men--military group of workers and "scientific gentlemen"--the lengthy excursion struggled walking and horseback alongside front diversity of the Rockies, dwelling off the land, recording rivers and landforms, taking pictures birds, plucking vegetation, and catching lizards and bugs to maintain for research. They have been usually thirsty and hungry, occasionally in poor health, and regularly drained. yet theirs was once an event provided to just a selected few: the chance to determine and checklist firsthand the pristine lands that so majestically outlined the us. established totally on the excursion participants' experiences and diaries, and infrequently informed within the contributors' personal phrases, this interesting chronicle transports readers again to the near-virgin desolate tract of 1820. We accompany naturalist Edwin James as he turns into the 1st guy to climb Pike's height, and roam with him in his twin position as botanist, amassing a large number of flowers specimens, one hundred forty of which have been defined by means of him and others as new. We take a seat with artist Samuel Seymour as he sketches in vibrant element the landscape of breathtaking peaks and well known landforms, commute in addition to Titian Peale as he visits the houses of local american citizens and files with an artist's prepared eye and proficient hand the serious fantastic thing about this land's first population, and pass exploring with zoologist Thomas Say as he describes by no means earlier than noticeable mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, and bugs. superbly illustrated with crisp reproductions of Peale and Seymour's artwork, in addition to images of the numerous crops and bugs defined through James and Say, The traditional heritage of the lengthy day trip to the Rocky Mountains (1819-1820) bargains a shiny account of this enormous day trip. the tale of the lengthy excursion has been informed sooner than, yet with no due attractiveness of the party's nice contributions to normal heritage. Now, an individual attracted to the early background of the yankee West can witness for themselves how this titanic and sundry land seemed and felt whilst it was once first visible by way of educated scientists and artists.

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Extra resources for The Natural History of the Long Expedition to the Rocky Mountains (1819-1820)

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Say, " h e ha d littl e forma l education . A great-grandso n of pioneer naturalis t John Bartram, Say failed a s a pharmacist but a t an early age began collecting natural history specimens. He came to haunt Peale's Museum in Philadelphia, wher e he often worke d lat e int o th e nigh t an d sometime s slep t beneat h th e mastodon skeleton—th e onl y spac e clea r enoug h t o accommodat e him. Sa y wa s a charte r membe r o f th e Philadelphi a Academ y o f Natural Sciences, establishe d i n 1812 , and i n 181 7 h e wa s asked t o edit the academy' s newly founded Journal.

Say, " h e ha d littl e forma l education . A great-grandso n of pioneer naturalis t John Bartram, Say failed a s a pharmacist but a t an early age began collecting natural history specimens. He came to haunt Peale's Museum in Philadelphia, wher e he often worke d lat e int o th e nigh t an d sometime s slep t beneat h th e mastodon skeleton—th e onl y spac e clea r enoug h t o accommodat e him. Sa y wa s a charte r membe r o f th e Philadelphi a Academ y o f Natural Sciences, establishe d i n 1812 , and i n 181 7 h e wa s asked t o edit the academy' s newly founded Journal.

JUNE 29. TP: Kenna returned at sunrise without the hors e or having seen anything of her. On th e prairies there is a species of green headed fl y [horse fly , Tabanus] whic h torment s horse s 48 CV ne ^ftalural &*lislory oj Ine cJj ong (Oxpedilion and cattl e s o much tha t crossing the prairie s in the da y is next of impossible . This, I believe, was the caus e o f our hors e run ning away . It i s said that these flies wil l sometimes kill a horse, therefore i n crossin g prairie s traveler s mostl y tur n nigh t int o day an d day into night .

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