By Bongkil Chung
Received Buddhism, one of many significant religions of contemporary Korea, was once tested in 1916 through Pak Chung-bin (1891-1943), later referred to as Sot'aesan. In 1943 Sot'aesan released a suite of Buddhist writings, the right kind Canon of Buddhism (Pulgyo chongjon), which incorporated the doctrine of his new order. 4 years later, the second one patriarch, Chongsan (1900-1962), had the order collect a brand new canon, which used to be released in 1962. This paintings, translated right here because the Scriptures of gained Buddhism (Wonbulgyo kyojon), contains the Canon (a redaction of the 1st a part of the Pulgyo chongjon) and the analects and chronicle of the founder often called the Scripture of Sot'aesan. the current translation accommodates serious tenets from the 1943 Canon that have been altered within the redaction approach and provides persuasive arguments for his or her re-inclusion. "Professor Chung has drawn on the entire instruments in his scholarly arsenal to show the flavour and that means of the unique Korean texts. Written vernacular Korean used to be nonetheless a great deal a piece in growth through the early 20th century and the which means of the Korean texts isn't constantly straight forward, even to the expert. Professor Chung has taken an enormous first step in making this fabric intelligible to a Western audience." --- Robert E. Buswell, from the Foreword
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1–2. 18. The Order of Ch’o˘ndogyo is impressive in Korea, and scholars within and outside the order have accumulated signiﬁcant research on its various aspects; the bibliography on the subjects related to Ch’oe Che-u and Ch’o˘ndogyo lists 106 items. See Kim Hong-ch’o˘l, ‘‘Han’guk Sinhu˘ng Chonggyo u˘i Hyo˘nhang’’ (Contemporary status of newly risen religions in Korea), HC 23:443–515. ’’ The voice said, ‘‘Don’t be afraid; people call me Supreme Lord [K. ’’ The answer was, ‘‘No! I have a divine amulet with me; its name is ‘elixir of life;’ its shape is t’ai-chi, another shape is kung-gung [bow-bow].
Ch’a Kyo˘ng-so˘k’s order, especially, in size and activities aroused a great deal of social interest as well as criticism. Within six months, its members increased to hundreds of thousands. It is said that his order grew to be so powerful it could purchase one-tenth of the territory of Korea. Ch’a Kyo˘ng-so˘k even presumed to be the son of heaven or new emperor and paraded his power and authority, setting Kang Il-sun’s teachings and authority at naught. Consequently, a severe conﬂict and antagonism began to surface, and some of the ofﬁcials and believers of Poch’o˘ngyo broke away, establishing new orders.
4. Ch’o˘ndogyo’s moral philosophy teaches that God does not choose between good and evil. Since human original nature emanates from God, it cannot be evil. Evil arises when humans cannot correct their energy with their disturbed mind, thus violating the divine mandate. If humans can keep their energy aright with the concentrated mind, the good can be achieved. Hence, Ch’o˘ndogyo takes as its central moral practice Protecting the Mind and Correcting the Energy, and takes as its fundamental moral virtues Sincerity, Respect, and Faith.