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By Xinru Liu

The Silk street was once the modern identify for a posh of old exchange routes linking East Asia with principal Asia, South Asia, and the Mediterranean international. This community of trade emerged alongside the borders among agricultural China and the steppe nomads throughout the Han Dynasty (206BCE-220CE), as a result of the inter-dependence and the conflicts of those distinct societies. of their quest for horses, fragrances, spices, gemstones, glassware, and different exotics from the lands to their west, the Han Empire prolonged its dominion over the oases round the Takla Makan wasteland and despatched silk all of the approach to the Mediterranean, both throughout the land routes resulting in the caravan urban of Palmyra in Syria wasteland, or in terms of northwest India, the Arabian Sea and the purple Sea, touchdown at Alexandria. The Silk highway survived the turmoil of the loss of life of the Han and Roman Empires, reached its golden age throughout the early heart age, while the Byzantine Empire and the Tang Empire grew to become facilities of silk tradition and confirmed the types for top tradition of the Eurasian global. the arriving of Islam prolonged silk tradition to a fair better quarter and prepared the ground for an improved marketplace for textiles and different commodities. by means of the eleventh century, notwithstanding, the Silk highway used to be in decline due to extreme festival from the ocean routes of the Indian Ocean. utilizing offer and insist because the framework for reading the formation and improvement of the Silk highway, the e-book examines the dynamics of the interactions of the nomadic pastoralists with sedentary agriculturalists, and the unfold of recent principles, religions, and values into the realm of trade, therefore illustrating the cultural forces underlying fabric transactions. This attempt at tracing the interconnections of the varied contributors within the transcontinental Silk highway alternate will reveal that the area were associated via fiscal and ideological forces lengthy ahead of the fashionable period.

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On a nearby hilltop, two obelisks represented the gods of the sun and the moon. Following the road westward, very close to the road, the caravan trader would have seen an amphitheater carved out of rosecolored sandstone. It had forty-five rows of seats, divided into three horizontal sectors. The orchestra pit was a perfect semicircle, following the cultural influence of Rome. After the traveler passed this theater, the valley opened up into a basin. On the right one could then see, far away, a façade of Corinthian columns, adorned with uniquely Petraean conical tops, along the red sandstone cliffs.

After the traveler passed this theater, the valley opened up into a basin. On the right one could then see, far away, a façade of Corinthian columns, adorned with uniquely Petraean conical tops, along the red sandstone cliffs. On the left, where the stream that was diverted above now joined the Wadi Moussa—the Valley of Moses—one finally reached the urban area of Petra. A typical entrance in cities built in the Hellenistic style of the time greeted the traveler on first walking into the city: a shrine to the left and a nymphaeum, a structure with a fountain and a statue, to the right.

When he and his son, the heir apparent, died in the same year, his second wife Zenobia became the queen of the kingdom. It was said that Zenobia was among the few non-Romans there who spoke some Latin and who had her sons educated in Latin. Besides being capable, she was ambitious. Rumor had it that she murdered her husband and the son of his first wife in order to secure the throne for Wahballat, her own son. ” Zenobia quickly expanded the territory of her kingdom at the expense of the Roman Empire.

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