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By Elizabeth Righter

Excavations on the Tutu website signify a dramatic bankruptcy within the annals of Caribbean archaeological excavation. the positioning used to be came upon in 1990 in the course of the preliminary web site clearing for a shopping center in St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands. the positioning used to be excavated with the help of a group archaeologists and volunteers. using assets and cash donated by way of the neighborhood clinical groups, the venture hired a multidisciplinary sampling approach designed to get well fabric for research through specialists in fields resembling anthropology, archaeology, palaeobotany, zooarchaeology, bioarchaeology, palaeopathology and picture imaging. This quantity experiences the result of those numerous utilized analytical strategies laying a superior origin for destiny comparative experiences of prehistoric Caribbean human populations and cultures.

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Additional resources for The Tutu Archaeological Village Site: A Multi-disciplinary Case Study in Human Adaptation (Interpreting the Remains of the Past)

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Impacts of drought and hurricanes, when they occurred, must have affected the lives of the inhabitants of the Tutu site, and it is not difficult to imagine abandonment of the site for several years, as a result of such natural phenomena (Pearsall, 1997). Site vegetation The forests of St Thomas were cut during the Colonial period, and the vegetation of St Thomas today is manipulated by humans (Pearsall, 1997). Reconstruction of past vegetation patterns, based partially on studies of remnant vegetation in Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and other Caribbean islands, indicates that the vegetation of St Thomas today bears little resemblance to that of the prehistoric period (Pearsall, 1997).

3 Map showing the location and topography of the Tutu site c. 1918, prior to major development on the island of St Thomas and prior to disturbances to the Tutu site (adapted from US Coast and Geodetic Survey Map No. 3771, US National Archives, Washington, DC). 4 Overview of the Tutu site (arrow), looking south from a ridge to the north (photograph by Elizabeth Righter). Climate and rainfall The climate of St Thomas is maritime tropical (Rivera, Frederick, Farris, Jensen, Davis, Palmer, Jackson & McKinzie, 1970: 73).

7 Overview (reduced scale) of detailed map of the Tutu site, November 1991 (recorded by Elizabeth Righter and Travis Gray). 7a–d. 7a Site map (northwest quadrant). 7b Site map (northeast quadrant). 7c Site map (southwest quadrant). 7d Site map (southeast quadrant). Background of research and sample collection • 27 • • 28 • Elizabeth Righter RESEARCH RATIONALE Research rationale for the project was based upon a desire to expand the existing prehistoric archaeological data base for the Virgin Islands by investigating a large cross-section of a single site.

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