By David G. Anderson
This assortment provides, for the 1st time, a much-needed synthesis of the key study topics and findings that symbolize the wooded area interval within the southeastern United States.The wooded area interval (ca. 1200 B.C. to A.D. a thousand) has been the topic of loads of archaeological learn during the last 25 years. Researchers have discovered that during this nearly 2000-year period the peoples of the Southeast skilled expanding sedentism, inhabitants development, and organizational complexity. firstly of the interval, everyone is assumed to were residing in small teams, loosely certain via collective burial rituals. yet by means of the 1st millennium A.D., a few components of the quarter had densely packed civic ceremonial facilities governed through hereditary elites. Maize used to be now the first nutrition crop. probably most significantly, the traditional animal-focused and hunting-based faith and cosmology have been being changed via sun and war iconography, in keeping with societies depending on agriculture, and whose elites have been more and more in festival with each other. This quantity synthesizes the study on what occurred in this period and the way those alterations took place whereas examining the period's archaeological record.In collecting the most recent examine to be had at the wooded area interval, the editors have integrated contributions from the complete diversity of experts operating within the box, highlighted significant topics, and directed readers to the right kind basic resources. Of curiosity to archaeologists and anthropologists, either specialist and beginner, it will be a helpful reference paintings necessary to realizing the forest interval within the Southeast.
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Additional info for The Woodland Southeast
Wood and Bowen 1995:79) sites. Perhaps the most impressive evidence of Late Woodland mound construction in the region is Toltec Mounds in Arkansas, characterized by eighteen mounds surrounded by an earthen embankment and a ditch (Rolingson 1998a, this volume). The Late Woodland was thus not a time of organizational decline or simplification throughout the region. Weeden Island culture societies along the Gulf Coast and the Coles Creek societies of the central and lower Mississippi Valley were as complex as any that came before.
D. 700 and 900, probably at different times within the study area. D. 400 and 600 (Conner and Ray 1995:121). These are the only secure dates on the Baytown period (as the concept is used here) within the study area. D. Morse and P. ] 1980; Morse and Morse 1983:182; see also P. Morse and D. Morse 1990:53) suggest that three dates on the Dunklin phase component at Zebree fall within the Baytown interval. There are several possible problems with their interpretation. , SMU-433, 445, and 453). , Feature 238, a Big Lake pit that contained 170 Barnes, 238 Mississippi Plain, and 323 Varney Red sherds).
The earlier assay seems reasonable for a late Tchula occupation. The charcoal samples “were collected one small particle at a time” (Connaway and McGahey 1971:59), which may account for the range of dates obtained. The start of the Woodland period generally is equated with the widespread appearance of pottery. P. (J. Gibson 1996a). Recognition of Tchula occupations generally is based on the presence of Cormorant Cord Impressed and/or Twin Lakes Fabric Marked ceramics (Mainfort 1996b; D. Morse and P.