By Jan-Ulrich Sobisch
Because the twelfth century, a important characteristic of Buddhism in Tibet used to be its harmonizing of tantric perform with the ethical codes of monastic self-discipline and Bodhisattva altruism. All masters maintained the vajrayana or tantric route to be enhanced to the 2 „lower“ codes, yet they defined this superiority in a different way. within the current learn, Jan-Ulrich Sobisch explores for the 1st time intimately the 3 major ideas maintained by way of the oldest Tibetan faculties for explaining the kinfolk of the 3 codes.
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Additional resources for Three-vow theories in Tibetan Buddhism : a comparative study of major traditions from the twelfth through nineteenth centuries
2. Vibhiiticandra, Go-rams-pa, and Their Works of the Three-Vow Genre 29 written in reply to questions about or objections to the contents of the sDom gsum rab dbye " [L e. the Clear Differentiation of the Three Vows] (Jackson 1983 : 16). It was Go-rams-pa' s answer to Shakya-mchog-Idan's "challenge, " the one-hundred and eight questions about Sa-pa�' s Clear Differentiation set down in the sDom gsum rab dbye la dn ba legs pa (Collected Works, vol. 17, pp. 448-462) . ) . 60. Th e Essential Summary of the Topics of All Satras and Tantras That is Completely Removing the Darkness of the Mind (mDo rgyud kun gyi don bsdus pa snying po yid kyi mun pa mam par set ba).
59 Taranatha (p . 485) says that Vibhiiticandra stayed in 'Bri-gung-gling during that time and became very influential. ) , and Stearns correctly points out that Vibhiiticandra is not 55 For S akyasn"bhadra' s reply to Vibhiiticandra concerning the 'Bri-gung-pa, see Jackson (1990: 20-2 1 , n. ) . 56 O n that date, see Sa-pill}, rJe btsun rin p o che 'i rno. m thar, Lam 'bras slob bshad, vol. 1, fo1. 28r, 1. 5, Sa skya pa 'i bka ' 'bum, vol. 5, p. 148-1-4. Cf. Jackson (1987: 35, n. 37). 57 On receiving that epithet, see van der Kuijp (198 3 : 100 and n.
With SakyasrThhadra he travelled for eleven years in Tibet, starting around 1204, learning innumerable topics of Mantra and Mahayana. It is known that they spent the summer retreat of 1206 at Srin-po-ri in Central Tibet. 54 Khro-phu Lo-tsa-ba Byams-pa'i-dpal (1 172-1236) , the Tibetan interpreter of Sakyasrf, reports that 53 These notes are based on Cyrus Stearns pioneering article, "The Life and Tibetan Legacy of the Indian MaluipalJ4ita Vibhiiticandra, " pp. 127-17 1 . 5 4 O n 'Jig-rten-mgon-po, see the biographical notes in chapter 1 4 , section 1 .