Download Tierbilder aus dem ersten Jahrhundert: Ein zoologischer by Ragnar Kinzelbach PDF

By Ragnar Kinzelbach

The Artemidorus papyrus, originating from Alexandria at first of the first century A. D., comprises on its verso forty-one drawings via one hand, thereof 38 sketches of animals (some comprising species each one, therefore leading to forty four species), such a lot of them labelled withtheir Greek names. As seen from the ‛title' at the papyrus itself, it offers terrestrial tetrapods besides asbirds, fish, and whales. No orderingprinciple may be pointed out, other than the choice ofespecially infrequent and impressivecreatures. Theybelong to various animal taxa, i.e. crustaceans (1), fish (5), reptiles (6), birds (11), and mammals (17). The paintings as a wholestands inthe culture of Hellenistic animal photographs, starting with Aristotle, constructed furtherby the forerunners of the Nile Mosaic of Praeneste (Palestrina), and persisted in Hellenistic and Roman art (wall work, mosaics) besides asin ‛scientific' Byzantine codices. most likely, this a part of the papyrus used to be used as a set of specimen.

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Extra info for Tierbilder aus dem ersten Jahrhundert: Ein zoologischer Kommentar zum Artemidor-Papyrus

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Im vorderen Bereich des Körpers erscheint der Fisch hochrückig, angezeigt durch die Asymmetrie der dorsalen Körperanhänge und einem deutlich erkennbaren rechten Auge. Andererseits ist weiter ventral ein zweites, linkes, Auge erkennbar. Es gibt ein Paar nach vorn gestreckter Barteln, die nicht zum Keulenrochen gehören können. Sie schließen nicht an den Körper an, sondern gehören zur Umgebung. Allenfalls sind sie Dekoration, Missverständnis oder sie knüpfen an die Kopfflossen eines Teufelsrochens (V17) an.

Gezüchtet; es kann ungehörnt bleiben, zwei, vier oder sogar sechs oder eine ungerade Anzahl von Hörnern ausbilden. 22 Archiv für Papyrusforschung, Beiheft 28, 2009 V05 Papageifisch – Sparisoma (Euscarus) cretensis (Linnaeus, 1758) – lagôós (Osteichthyes, Perciformes, Scaridae) Die Lesung des Namens ist „lagôós“ nach Gallazzi, Kramer & Settis (2008: 339), mit der Bedeutung „hasenartig“. Es bieten sich mehrere Deutungen an. • Der „Seehase“, „lagôs ho thaláttios“ (Thompson 1947: 142) ist eine MeeresNacktschnecke (Opisthobranchia) der Gattung Aplysia.

94, tab. 10) sowie in den Knochenlisten von Tell el-Dab’a (1800–1500 v. Chr) und Tell elMaskhuta (6. J. v. Chr. bis 200. n. ) (Boessneck 1988 S. , tab. 11). Martin & Fradier (1994) deuteten einen Kranich auf einem Mosaik von Sfax irrtümlich als Stelzenläufer (Abb. 132). 46 Archiv für Papyrusforschung, Beiheft 28, 2009 V15 Mondfisch – Mola mola (Linnaeus, 1758) – kyklískos (Osteichthyes, Tetrodontiformes, Molidae) Die Zeichnung zeigt einen offenbar großen Fisch von fast kreisrundem Umriss, nach links.

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