By Pierre Grangeat
The main of tomography is to discover the constitution and composition of items non-destructively alongside spatial and temporal dimensions, utilizing penetrating radiation, akin to X- and gamma-rays, or waves, reminiscent of electromagnetic and acoustic waves. in response to computer-assisted photograph reconstruction, tomography offers maps of parameters that symbolize the emission of the hired radiation or waves, or their interplay with the tested gadgets, for one or numerous cross-sections. therefore, it offers entry to the internal constitution of inert gadgets and dwelling organisms of their complete complexity. during this publication, multidisciplinary experts clarify the principles and rules of tomographic imaging and describe a vast variety of functions. The content material is prepared in 5 elements, that are devoted to photo reconstruction, microtomography, commercial tomography, morphological scientific tomography and practical clinical tomography.
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The obtained contrast consequently corresponds to propagation parameters of the radiation. For these active systems with direct interrogation, we distinguish measurement systems based on reflection or backscattering, where the emerging radiation is measured on the side of the object on which the generator is placed, and measurement systems based on transmission, where the radiation is measured on the opposite side. The choice depends on the type of radiation employed and on constraints linked to the overall dimensions of the object.
10] define inversion by filtered backprojection (FBP), whose discretization leads to the most commonly used reconstruction algorithm.