By Elke Nowak
The sequence is a platform for contributions of all types to this swiftly constructing box. common difficulties are studied from the viewpoint of person languages, language households, language teams, or language samples. Conclusions are the results of a deepened research of empirical info. designated emphasis is given to little-known languages, whose research may perhaps shed new gentle on long-standing difficulties often linguistics.
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Additional resources for Transforming the Images: Ergativity and Transitivity in Inuktitut (Eskimo)
36 (18) (19) 3. A first grammar takuvara takusee Ί see it' -vara lsg/3sg,tr,ind tusarpara tusar- -para hear lsg/3sg,trjnd Ί hear it' takuvaanga taku-vaanga 3sg/lsg,tr,ind see 's/he sees me' tusarpaanga tusar- -paanga hear 3sg/lsg,tr,ind 's/he hears me' As with the intransitive indicative, the transitive paradigm is complemented by a 'participative' paradigm (Dorais 1988: 78ff). 2). A semantic difference or a distributional difference cannot be stated. A pragmatic difference has not been investigated yet It remains to state that the two paradigms exist.
In German, for example, the semantic and lexical word boundary does not always coincide with the formal word boundary in the case of nonlexicalized compositions, that is, spontaneous constructions of the type Salatschlange, lit. 'salad line', 'line waiting at the salad bar'. Since in Inuktitut nearly all the words in the sentence constitute such nonlexicalized spontaneous derivations, the formal word boundary almost never agrees with the semantic boundary. Particularly in translation, which is important for 40 3.
Affixes are not words in the classical sense; they are in no way free forms. It is therefore not unproblematic to call them "nominal" or "verbal". This could lead to the misguided interpretation that the affixes themselves belong to word classes. It is much more accurate to say that they are of a productive nature: they create words, which are then assigned to a word class. Their capacities must be specified in a subcategorization frame which contains a semantic characterization and a morpho-sy η tactic characterization.