By Ray Billington
Knowing japanese Philosophy presents an available severe advent to how a few of the key philosophies of the East evaluate with these within the West. ranging from a dialogue of the issues of distinguishing among religions and philosophies, Ray Billington provides a transparent photo of the main tenets in the back of Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, Jainism and Confucianism.Moving directly to examine the most important issues of non secular philosophy that reduce throughout East and West, reminiscent of a trust in God, the soul, ethical decision-making, nature and authority, knowing jap Philosophy provides a desirable and debatable photo of the contribution theistic religions need to make. With its trust in a private God bestowing a selected model of 'truth', Ray Billington concludes that the common mysticism attribute of jap inspiration offers a extra real looking and worthwhile course than is usually intended within the West.Understanding japanese Philosophy assumes no past wisdom of faith or philosophy.
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To faei1itate integration with other ehapters,:some editorial ehanges have been made in Dr. Maeura's manuseript and newly available data inserted where appropriate. 30 EVOLVING POPULATION POLIeIES 31 parallelism incidentally as an indication of a relationship which exists between population change and the policy response. Nothing could be more wrong than to suggest that the development of policies affecting population in European socialist countries was a uniform process. Governmental attitudes and policies varied in many respects, as did the timing, and emphasis of measures enacted.
To the best of our knowledge, there has not been any debate on population poliey in Albania, either in politieal or teehnieal eireles. The least eontroversial demographie poliey issue, that of redueing mortality, is implieit in the health and soeial polieies of the nine eountries. Compulsory health insuranee for all or part of the population and the development of health EVOLVING POPULATION POLIeIES 33 serviees and faei1ities aim at the improvement of national hea1th and imp1y that a dee1ine in morta1ity is a po1iey goal, but speeifie targets are rare1y stated regarding morta1ity reduetion and its speeifie features.
_ _ ~. •.... 64 66 !. • ... ~ .. 70 .. J" e. 72 ,/ r. 74 .. 76 . -.. 1·_.......... ..... ~ ···Romania . ;. I Bulgaria --Czechoslovakia - Birthrates Associated with De1ibera1ization of Abortion plus Deliberate Pronata1ist Po1icies in Bu1garia, Czechos1ovakia, and Romania, 1948-1979 r- T-r-r-lu'-u'----. q- Source: 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 INTRODUCTION AND DEMOGRAPHIe TRENDS 19 Moreover, the Western and Northern European countries experieneed an extraordinary proeess of rapid fertility deeline during the ear1y and mid-1970s, mueh like that whieh oeeurred in Eastern Europe a deeade or more earlier (Wander, 1978; Finkle &MeIntosh, 1980; Otten, 1979; MeIntyre, 1980a), but this time with abortion liberalization as an unlikely explanatory force.