Download Understanding Wood: A Craftsman's Guide to Wood Technology by R. Bruce Hoadley PDF

By R. Bruce Hoadley

During this crucial reference for woodworkers, R. Bruce Hoadley explains every thing from how bushes develop to how most sensible to chop, season, computing device, sign up for, bend, and end wooden. Why do miters open and glue joints loosen? How do you get a very sharp facet? Examples of difficulties and options support woodworkers puzzle via their very own initiatives, whereas full-color pictures and valuable tables illustrate key issues.

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Extra resources for Understanding Wood: A Craftsman's Guide to Wood Technology

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However, sometimes wood that undergoes intermittent wetting and decay is inspected during a dry period. The rotted wood, now powdery dry, is interpreted as dry rot. Food is the fourth requirement. The sapwood of most species is suitable, both because it lacks extractives and because it contains carbohydrates stored in parenchyma cells. The heartwood may be naturally decay-resistant if extractives are toxic or repellent to fungi. 1 on p. 44). Where it is impossible or impractical to keep wood below 20% moisture content, the next best approach is to choose a durable wood or wood that has been impregnated with a chemical preservative.

Many more types of cells are present in hardwoods, and there is more variation in their arrangement. It is believed that the hardwoods evolved much later than the softwoods. Most notable is the degree to which hardwoods have evolved cells specialized by function. This illustration indicates their relative size and shape. 24 • Red oak, a ring-porous h a r d w o o d , m a g n i f i e d a b o u t 1 0 0 times. Large, t h i n - w a l l e d pores (A) are concentrated in t h e earlyw o o d and are many times t h e d i a m e t e r of t h e thick-walled fibers (B) a b u n d a n t in t h e l a t e w o o d .

Fungi are low forms of plant life. Incapable of producing their own foods as do green plants, these parasites derive their sustenance from a host plant. Fungi that inhabit wood are classified as molds, stains, or decay. Molds live mainly on the surface of the wood, while stains invade the cell structure. Both principally live off carbohydrates stored in parenchyma cells. Because their work is confined essentially to sapwood, they are termed sapstains. Since they commonly produce a bluish-gray discoloration, the term blue stain is often applied.

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