By Phillippe Panerai, Jean Castex, Jean Charles Depaule
This renowned and influential paintings, translated the following into English for the 1st time, argues that sleek urbanism has disillusioned the morphology of towns, abolished their streets and remoted their structures. In tracing the phases of this alteration, this e-book provides the view that the city tissue, the intermediate scale among the structure of structures and the diagrammatic layouts of city making plans, is the fundamental framework for way of life.
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Extra info for Urban Forms. THE DEATH AND LIFE OF THE URBAN BLOCK
34 Town Planning in Practice. An introduction to the art of designing cities and suburbs (London: Unwin) 1909. 33 SAMUELS / U R B A N F O R M S : T H E D E A T H A N D L I F E O F T H E U R B A N B L O C K The transport system again played an important role. First there was the underground, where the extension of some lines far into the suburbs gave rise around each station to a number of growth poles. The origin of these poles in some cases was promoted by the railway company, which even went as far as creating plot subdivisions, which were sold at reduced prices to future residents – this became London’s Metroland.
B. Letchworth: Bird’s Hill area. c. Theoretical plan showing how it is possible to ensure the view towards a green space or a park for a large number of houses, through the layout of the close 38 a b Figure 12 Hampstead Garden Suburb: central square. a. Drawing by E. Lutyens. b. Cadastral plan of 1975, showing, beyond the original plan, the layout of radiating streets, which extends the classical composition of the square. 39 SAMUELS / U R B A N F O R M S : T H E D E A T H A N D L I F E O F T H E U R B A N B L O C K reading of the plan, it is nevertheless very noticeable to the visitor and from the appearanace of its inhabitants.
All these observations bear witness to the relationship between diﬀerentiated spaces and also to a diﬀerentiation in attitudes towards these spaces. The close, if it negates the street as public front space does, at least reproduce the back–front contrast familiar in the traditional tissue, even though this front does not relate to the whole city, but rather to a community of neighbours. To this spatial contrast, symbolized by the wall that connects the houses and the subtle game of the entrances to the back paths, corresponds a contrast in use.