By Elizabeth J. Reitz, Elizabeth S. Wing
This can be an introductory textual content for college kids drawn to identity and research of animal continues to be from archaeological websites. The emphasis is on animals whose continues to be tell us concerning the dating among people and their average and social environments, particularly web site formation strategies, subsistence concepts, the techniques of domestication, and paleoenvironments. analyzing examples from around the world, from the Pleistocene interval as much as the current, this quantity is geared up in a fashion that's parallel to faunal examine, starting with history info, bias in a faunal assemblage, and simple zooarchaeological equipment. This revised variation displays advancements in zooarchaeology in the past decade. It comprises new sections on the teeth ultrastructure and incremental research, reliable isotyopes and hint parts, old genetics and enzymes, environmental reconstruction, humans as brokers of environmental swap, functions of zooarchaeology in animal conservation and background administration, and a dialogue of concerns relating the curation of archaeofaunal fabrics.
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Extra resources for Zooarchaeology (Cambridge Manuals in Archaeology) (2nd Edition)
Concepts about the relationships among environment, subsistence, technology, human populations, and other aspects of cultural life may be broadly classified as environmental determinism, environmental possibilism, cultural ecology, ecological anthropology, and historical ecology (Crumley 1994; Ellen 1982; Hardesty 1977:1 –17; Jochim 1981 :5–10; Vayda and Rappaport 1968:479, 483). The ascendency of one or the other of these theories influences the study of animal remains in archaeological research.
Ecological concepts, such as niche breadth, evolutionary ecology, and systems theory, are particularly important (Clarke 1972:30; Winterhalder and Smith 1992). , Bogucki 1988). A consequence of such studies is a holistic view of human life and an awareness of the complex, interactive relationship that exists among cultural systems, human populations, and the environments within which they operate. Historical ecology provides the temporal perspective of a changing landscape to studies of both structural and functional properties (Winterhalder 1994).
Many people keep animals as pets (Gade 1977; Redford and Robinson 1991 ; Serpell 1986, 1989). The animal, parts of the animal, or images of the animal may be kept so that the individual, household, or community will be associated with its special powers. Bones from a rabbit’s foot (Lagomorpha) could be skinning refuse, but they might be from a charm. Cattle astragali may be gaming pieces, butchering refuse, or ritual sacrifices. Many ceremonies use animals to symbolize social structure and shared values.